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You can log function names this way

You can log function names this way

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Lakshya Thakur

Published on Sep 21, 2021

4 min read

Recently while debugging the codebase at my job, I had a use-case where I needed to know which method call happened where each such method call results in some SQL statement. The main focus was to know the order in which these functions were called so that I can map them to sql statements being logged in another node_module.

The number of unique methods that existed within the Class responsible for this were 30. Now for urgency sake, I went berserk and added 30 console.log inside each such method to log the method names.

But obviously, I didn't like it much. There has to be some way to achieve the same with some extra fancy code.

coz i m fancy

That's where I begin my intense google search to end up with 2 implementations.

But before that, let's consider a simplified version of my problem :-

Class OperationManager {

operation1(){}

operation2(){}

operation3(){}

operation4(){}

operation5(){}

operation6(){}

operation7(){}

operation8(){}

operation9(){}

operation10(){}

}

function managerFactory() {
  return new OperationManager();
}

//Assume usage inside another function like so :-
(function(manager) {
  manager.operation8();

  manager.operation1();

  manager.operation4();

})(managerFactory());

Now I want to know the name of each operationX method that is called without adding a single line of console.log('operationX called') line inside the function bodies.

Time to check those 2 implementations :-

its time

1. Injecting logging behaviour

function logFnCall(func) { 
  const p = document.createElement('p');
  p.textContent = `${func} called`
  document.body.append(p);
}

function inject(obj, func) {
  for (let key in obj) {
    let value = obj[key];
    if (typeof value === 'function') {
      obj[key] = function() {
        func(key, value);
        return value.apply(this, arguments);
      }
    }
  }
}

// Modify the managerFactory() implementation like so :-
function managerFactory() {
  const manager = new OperationManager();
  inject(manager, logFnCall);
  return manager;
}

Explanation :-

The inject function is trying to loop over all the keys that are available inside the obj and then if the value obtained using that key is a function, we modify the obj[key] to accommodate our custom func implementation and then call the old implementation using appropriate context and arguments. So inside the managerFactory function, instead of returning new instance as it is, we create it and save it in manager and before returning the same, we inject our custom logFnCall implementation.

Here is the codepen for the same :-

Wow so nothing came up. It's totally blank !!!!!

blank

And there is a good reason for that:-

In the inject implementation, we have this statement - let key in obj which assumes that each key in obj is enumerable. But obj was created using a class and class methods are non-enumerable. So we just need to modify this line to help us fetch those method names. We can do it successfully by replacing the existing statement with let key of Object.getOwnPropertyNames(obj.constructor.prototype).

Here is a working codepen :-

2. Proxifying logging behaviour (I personally liked this)

function logFnCall(key,value) { 
  if(typeof value==='function' ){
  const p = document.createElement('p');
  p.textContent = `${key} called`
  document.body.append(p);
  }
}

function proxify(obj, func) {
  return new Proxy(obj, {
    get: function(target, key) {
      let value = target[key];
      func(key, value);
      return value;
      // or return Reflect.get(...arguments) 
    }
  })
}

// Modify the managerFactory() implementation like so :-
function managerFactory() {
  const manager = new OperationManager();
  const proxyManager = proxify(manager, logFnCall);
  return proxyManager;
}

Explanation :-

The proxify function returns a new Proxy object which has a get trap setup. The get trap has target which is obj itself and key which can be any key in the obj itself or it's prototype and so forth. Whenever we do something like manager.operation1, the internal [[Get]] implementation in the JS spec gets called to return us operation1 property on manager. Proxy helps us intercept that call to [[Get]] to perform any operation that we want to. And we have a good use-case here of logging the function name that's called. To do that, we pass a custom func which takes the key and value that's being intercepted and according to inputs performs the relevant operation. We return the value because we want the underlying [[Get]] behavior to remain same. We can also return Reflect.get(...) to get the existing behavior but not using it doesn't pose a problem here. So inside the managerFactory function, instead of returning new instance as it is, we create it and save it in manager and instead of returning the same, we proxify the manager with our custom logFnCall implementation and return the proxyManager.

Here is a working codepen :-

I like the second implementation because of following reasons :-

  • No direct mutation of method implementation like in inject.
  • The conditional behavior of checking if the value is a function is implemented inside the logFnCall in second approach. Gives more power to the developer to compose custom behaviors.
  • Not caring about the enumerable and non-enumerable stuff.

A good resource to know more about Proxy

Have encountered similar situation and have an alternate proposal ? Go smash the comment section then πŸ’»

Thank you for your time :D

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